Being a pet parent comes with boundless joy and a fair share of worries — especially when your furry companion is a playful puppy. 

One concern that often leaves pet parents on edge is when their puppy throws up food. It's not unusual for a puppy to vomit occasionally, but understanding why it happens is essential for their health and well-being. 

In this article, we delve into some common reasons why puppies might throw up their food and provide you with a guide to manage this situation better. Here at A Pup Above, we’re all about promoting optimal pet health and well-being, offering you the guidance and support you need to take the best possible care of your four-legged friends.

Why Do Dogs Throw Up?

While it's never pleasant to see your pup feeling unwell, it's crucial to remember that occasional vomiting isn't always a cause for alarm. Understanding the possible triggers can help you mitigate them and provide your puppy with the care they need. 

Let's explore some common reasons why puppies might throw up their food:

  • Eating Too Quickly: Just like humans, puppies who wolf down their food might end up regurgitating it. Eating too fast can cause your pup to swallow excessive air, leading to discomfort and potential vomiting.

  • Dietary Changes: A sudden change in your puppy’s diet can upset their stomach, leading to vomiting. Their little tummies need time to adjust to new foods, so it's always best to introduce changes gradually.

  • Food Allergies or Sensitivities: Just like humans, puppies can also have food allergies or sensitivities. If your pup throws up after consuming a particular food type, it might indicate a food allergy or sensitivity.

  • Eating Non-food Items: Puppies are naturally curious and often explore their environment using their mouths, which can result in them ingesting non-food items. This can lead to gastrointestinal irritation and vomiting.

  • Exercise After Eating: Exercising immediately after eating can disrupt your puppy's digestion, causing them to throw up. It's advisable to wait for a while after mealtime before engaging in rigorous play.

  • Stress or Anxiety: Emotional distress can also cause a puppy to throw up. Moving to a new home, changes in the household, or separation anxiety are some potential stressors.

What Should I Do If My Dog Throws Up?

While your dog may throw up for several reasons, it’s important to stop everything you’re doing and try to identify the reason. 

  • Move Your Pup: Your puppy may become interested in the vomit and even begin to eat it. Yeah, I know, it’s terrible. When pups are very young, their mom will often regurgitate food as an early food source during weaning to get them used to more solid food. So for your puppy, this is a common food source. 

  • Try To Identify The Issue: You’ll need to inspect the throw up. It’s a good idea to use paper towels and disposable gloves to really take a look. Look to see if it’s just stomach bile, undigested food, hair, a chewed up toy, or something else they shouldn’t have eaten. 

  • Reduce Feeding: After your pup has vomited, you’ll want to reduce feeding to give their stomach time to calm down. Furthermore, if there’s more of a substance their body is rejecting, they may throw up again. 

  • Take Action: Depending what you found when inspecting and cleaning up the throw up, everything may be okay if they have eaten some hair. On the other hand, you may need to take action. 

  • If they throw up food: Did they eat too fast? Did they not chew their food? Is their food bad?

  • If they throw up a toy: Where is the rest of the toy? How much did they eat? 

  • If they throw up something else: What is it? Is it toxic? Can they pass it through their system?

Taking these steps will ensure your pup is safe, even if they have an upset stomach. 

Should I Be Concerned?

While occasional vomiting is not unusual for puppies, frequent or severe vomiting can signal an underlying health issue that needs immediate attention. 

As a responsible pet parent, it's essential to watch out for the following signs and symptoms:

  • Frequent Vomiting: If your puppy is throwing up multiple times a day or the vomiting persists for more than 24 hours, it's time to consult with a veterinarian.

  • Other Symptoms: Vomiting accompanied by other symptoms like diarrhea, lethargy, loss of appetite, or changes in behavior should warrant a visit to the vet.

  • Presence of Blood: If you notice blood in your puppy's vomit, seek immediate veterinary care. This could indicate a serious condition like gastric ulcers or gastrointestinal obstruction.

  • Dehydration: Persistent vomiting can lead to dehydration, a potentially dangerous condition. Signs of dehydration in puppies include dry gums, sunken eyes, and lethargy.

Your puppy's health and well-being are paramount. When in doubt, it's always best to seek professional veterinary advice.

How Can I Stop My Puppy From Throwing Up?

With a little foresight and the right approach, you can take steps to help prevent your puppy from throwing up their food. 

Here are some effective strategies:

  • Slow Feeding Bowls: If your puppy eats too fast, consider using a slow-feeding bowl. These are designed with obstructions that make it harder for your pup to gobble up their food, forcing them to eat at a slower, more controlled pace.

  • Gradual Dietary Changes: If introducing a new diet, do it gradually. Mix the new food with the old one, increasing the proportion of the new food over several days. This allows your pup’s digestive system to adjust smoothly.

  • Identify and Avoid Food Allergens: If you suspect a food allergy or sensitivity, consult with your vet to identify the allergen and find suitable alternatives.

  • Proper Exercise Timing: Allow your puppy some rest after mealtime before starting any intense play or exercise.

  • Stress Management: Keep your puppy's environment as stable and stress-free as possible. Provide them with a safe, cozy space, regular routines, and plenty of love and attention.

A pup throwing up one time is less of a concern. When vomiting becomes regular, it’s time to take action.

How Important Is Proper Puppy Food?

Feeding your pup a nutritionally balanced, high-quality diet is one of the most effective ways to keep them healthy and reduce instances of vomiting. 

Here's how proper nutrition comes into play:

  • Easy Digestion: Foods made with high-quality, easily digestible ingredients can help prevent digestive issues that could lead to vomiting. Avoid foods that contain fillers and low-quality ingredients which are harder for your puppy's digestive system to break down.

  • Appropriate Portion Sizes: Overeating can cause your puppy to throw up. High-quality foods are nutrient-dense, which means your pup can eat smaller portions while still receiving the necessary nutrients. Follow the feeding guidelines provided by your vet or on the pet food package to ensure your pup is getting the right amount of food.

  • Food Allergies or Sensitivities: Lower-quality dog foods often contain common allergens like corn, wheat, and soy. Always look at the ingredient panel on high-quality food to ensure it is free from allergens.

  • Balanced Nutrition: A well-balanced diet promotes overall health and well-being, keeping your puppy's digestive system running smoothly. Look for foods that provide a balanced blend of protein, healthy fats, and carbohydrates, along with essential vitamins and minerals.

At A Pup Above, we understand nutrition's vital role in your puppy's health. That's why our meals are made with human-grade, responsibly sourced ingredients and are gently cooked using sous-vide techniques to lock in nutrients. 

Our recipes are packed with real meats, veggies, and bone broth to give your puppy the balanced nutrition they need to grow strong and healthy. Plus, our meals are so delicious that your puppy will savor every bite, helping them eat slower and digest better.

Be the Best Puppy Care

While it's not uncommon for puppies to occasionally throw up their food, monitoring this behavior is essential. Remember that your puppy's vomiting could indicate several different issues ranging from eating too quickly or too much, consuming something they shouldn't, to serious health concerns.

Inspecting the vomit is one of the key factors to help determine the cause. Look out for unusual colors, the presence of foreign objects, or blood. These could be signs of more serious underlying health issues. 

But remember, you are not a veterinarian, and while these observations can be helpful, they don't replace professional medical advice.

Never hesitate to consult your vet if your puppy vomits. Especially if the vomiting is frequent, if your pup appears distressed, if there are accompanying symptoms like diarrhea and lethargy, or if they're not their usual playful self. It's always better to err on the side of caution when it comes to your puppy's health.

The role of nutrition cannot be overstated in this regard. A high-quality, balanced diet like the meals from A Pup Above can significantly impact your pup's overall health and well-being.

Every puppy is unique, and what works for one might not work for another. Being observant, patient, and proactive can go a long way in ensuring your puppy grows up to be a healthy and happy dog.


Why Do Dogs Eat Their Own Vomit? | Puppy Leaks

Food Allergies in Dogs | VCA Animal Hospital

Are You Feeding Your Dog the Right Amount? | PetMD