When your playful pup isn't quite themselves, especially in the poo department, it can be a bit concerning. At A Pup Above, we get it! Canine constipation isn't just a minor hiccup in your dog's day-to-day adventures — it's something that needs a bit of extra care and attention. 

In this article, we’re diving deep into the world of doggy digestion to uncover what a happy, healthy bowel movement should look like and what to do when things get a bit backed up. 

So, if you’re wondering how to help your four-legged family member navigate through constipation, keep reading. Here’s what you need to know to ensure your pup’s tail keeps wagging — even when it's time to go.

What Is Canine Constipation?

Canine constipation isn't just about missing a day or two in the backyard. It's about understanding what's normal for your dog and when to take action. 

A healthy dog should have regular, well-formed bowel movements — this is the gold standard in doggy digestive health. When your dog starts having trouble passing feces or their poop becomes hard and dry, it's time to tune in.

This issue comes in various forms — the occasional bout is common and often resolves with minor changes in diet or routine. Then there's obstipation, a more serious form of constipation where a dog can't pass stools at all. In severe cases, we encounter megacolon, where the colon becomes enlarged and loses its ability to function properly. 

Each of these scenarios tells a different story about your dog's health, making it essential to understand and address them appropriately.

What Are the Signs of Constipation in Dogs?

Knowing the signs of constipation can help you act swiftly to relieve your dog's discomfort. 

Here's what to look out for:

  • Struggling To Defecate: If your dog is having a hard time or is uncomfortable when trying to poop, it's a red flag.
  • Hard, Dry Stools: These are often difficult for your dog to pass and can indicate dehydration or dietary issues.
  • Infrequent Bowel Movements: If there’s a notable decrease in how often your dog “goes,” it could point to constipation.
  • Change in Appetite: Dogs might eat less when they’re constipated.
  • Lethargy: A decrease in energy can accompany digestive troubles.

Catching these signs early is vital. Consulting with a veterinarian (DVM) is always recommended for an accurate diagnosis. They will also rule out any serious underlying causes. 

Remember, your dog's bathroom habits are a key indicator of their overall health, and staying informed is the first step in ensuring they stay happy and healthy.

What Causes Canine Constipation?

Diving into the nitty-gritty of what might be slowing down your pup's digestive parade, we uncover some common causes of canine constipation:

Lack of Exercise

A good run or playful romp is not just fun. It's essential for keeping your dog's digestive system active and healthy. Regular exercise helps stimulate intestinal movements, which is crucial for smooth bowel processes.


Water is the unsung hero in your dog's digestive tale. Adequate hydration keeps their stool soft and helps maintain regular bowel movements. Ensuring your furry friend has access to fresh water throughout the day can prevent those hard, dry stools.

Dietary Factors

The story of what your dog eats plays a big part in their digestive health. A diet lacking in fiber can lead to harder stools, making it more challenging for your dog to stay regular. Conversely, sudden changes in diet can also cause digestive hiccups.

Ingested Foreign Objects

Our curious four-legged explorers sometimes end up eating things they shouldn’t. These foreign objects can cause physical blockages in the digestive system, leading to constipation.

Digestive System Disorders

Sometimes, the plot thickens with issues like tumors, rectal abnormalities, or intestinal problems, which can physically obstruct the path of fecal matter.

Underlying Health Conditions

Certain health issues, such as hypothyroidism or an enlarged prostate, can indirectly cause constipation. These conditions can affect the overall functioning of the digestive system.

Practical Tips for Canine Constipation

When your pup’s digestive system hits a snag, it’s not just about waiting it out. There are several hands-on approaches you can take to help ease their discomfort and get things moving again. 

Here's a guide to gently steering your dog back to regularity:

Diet Matters

The right diet can make all the difference. A balance of fiber is essential for digestive health. 

At A Pup Above, we’ve covered this with our dog food range. Our recipes, like the scrumptious Turkey Pawella or the hearty Texas Beef Stew, are formulated to ensure your dog gets the right amount of fiber and other vital nutrients to keep their digestive system humming.

Anal Gland Care

Regular checks of your dog’s anal glands are crucial. Impacted glands can make the simple act of defecating a challenging task for your pooch. A quick visit to the vet for a check-up can ensure everything is functioning as it should, keeping bowel movements regular and comfortable.

Electrolyte Equilibrium

Keeping a check on your dog's electrolyte balance is essential for their overall muscle health, including those in the digestive system. A diet that maintains this balance can promote normal, healthy bowel movements, which is especially important after any illness or dehydration episode.

Tummy Massages for Comfort

Gentle belly rubs can be more than just a show of affection; they can stimulate your dog's bowel movements. Regular, soft massages around the abdomen can encourage the intestines to get moving, easing discomfort associated with constipation.

Laxatives and Stool Softeners

In some cases, a mild over-the-counter laxative or stool softener may be helpful. These can make it easier for your dog to pass feces, relieving the discomfort caused by hard, dry stools. However, before you venture down this road, consult your vet to ensure it's a safe and suitable option for your canine companion.

Keep an Eye on Medications

Some medications could be the hidden culprits behind your dog's constipation. If your pet is on any medication, consult with your veterinarian regarding possible side effects related to their digestive system. Don't adjust medication without professional guidance, but do be aware that sometimes, constipation can be a side effect.

Addressing Food Sensitivities

Be on the lookout for signs that your dog might be reacting to certain foods in their diet. Food sensitivities can lead to digestive issues, including constipation. Working with your vet to identify and eliminate problem foods can get your pup's tummy back on track.

When To Seek Medical Attention for Canine Constipation

In most cases, mild constipation resolves with some proactive care at home. However, there are some instances when your furry friend might need professional medical intervention.

If your dog fails to defecate for more than two days or is noticeably straining or in considerable pain during bowel movements, it's time to consult your veterinarian. Also, be wary if constipation is accompanied by vomiting or loss of appetite. These could indicate a more serious underlying issue, like a blockage in the digestive tract, tumors, or even hypothyroidism. 

Always prioritize rapid response — it can make the difference in the management of a potential digestive emergency.

A Final Word

So, there you have it — our guide to tackling the twisty tale of canine constipation. Remember, understanding the causes of constipation is the first step in helping your constipated dog. From ensuring a well-balanced dog's diet rich in fiber to paying attention to their digestive tract's needs, every little bit counts. 

At A Pup Above, we're all about keeping your furry friends happy, healthy, and ready to enjoy life to the fullest — and that includes a smooth-running digestive system. So, keep these tips in mind, stay observant, and here’s to many more joyful, carefree days with your beloved pup by your side.


Megacolon | American College of Veterinary Surgeons

​Dog Constipation: Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment | AKC

Constipation in Dogs | VCA Animal Hospital

The Importance of Water for Pets and Avoiding Pet Dehydration | True Care Veterinary Hospital